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New York State and Federal Websites

New York State Department of Health
Human Trafficking

Multiple resources for professionals

How New York State is Responding to Human Trafficking

State and National General Resources

Resources for Health Care Professionals

New York State Office of Children and Family Services
Human Trafficking and Commercial Sexual Exploitation in NYS

Multiple resources for professionals

Tools Required by the Preventing Sex Trafficking and Strengthening Families Act from the Safe Harbor: NY Program

US Department of Health and Human Services
Administration for Children and Families
Office on Trafficking in Persons

Multiple resources for professionals

National Human Trafficking Training and Technical Assistance Center

SOAR to Health and Wellness

Look Beneath the Surface Regional Anti-Trafficking Program

Look Beneath the Surface Downloadable Campaign Resources


Organization Websites

HEAL Trafficking

Resources for professionals

HEAL Trafficking and Hope for Justice’s Protocol Toolkit

The Life Story

Information for healthcare and social service professionals

The Life Story: Moments of Change shines a light on the realities of women in the sex trade, elevates their voices and experiences and highlights opportunity for change—for all girls and all women—at different moments throughout a lifetime.

National Human Trafficking Hotline

Information and training for healthcare professionals

Recognizing and Responding to Human Trafficking in a Healthcare Context

What to Look for in a Healthcare Setting

Framework for a Human Trafficking Protocol in Healthcare Settings

Potential Indicators of Human Trafficking

Polaris Project

Comprehensive overview of human trafficking


Journal Articles and Publications

APSAC. The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children: The Medical Provider’s Role in Identification, Assessment and Treatment. 2013.

Atkinson HG, Curnin KJ, Hanson NC. US state laws addressing human trafficking: Education of and mandatory reporting by health care providers and other professionals. J Hum Trafficking. 2016; 2(2):111-138.

Beck M, Lineer M, Melzer-Lange M, Simpson P, Nugent M, Rabbitt A. Medical providers’ understanding of sex trafficking and their experience with at-risk patients. Pediatrics. 2015; 135(4):e895-e902.

Clawson, et al. Human trafficking into and within the United States: A review of the literature. Study of HHS Programs Serving Human Trafficking Victims. 2009.

English A. Mandatory reporting of human trafficking: Potential benefits and risks of harm. AMA Journal of Ethics. 2017; 19(1):54-62. doi: 10.1001/journalofethics.2017.19.01.pfor1-1701.

Edwards JM, Iritani BJ, Hallfors DD. Prevalence and correlates of exchanging sex for drugs or money among adolescents in the United States. Sex Transm Infect. 2006; 82(5):354-358.

Goldberg A, Moore J, Houck C, Kaplan D, Barron C. Domestic minor sex trafficking patients: A retrospective analysis of medical presentation. Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology. Published Online: August 27, 2016.

Greenbaum J, Bodrick N, AAP Committee on Child Abuse and Neglect, AAP Section on International Child Health. Global human trafficking and child victimization. Pediatrics. 2017; 140(6):e20173138.

Greenbaum, et al. A short screening tool to identify victims of child sex trafficking in the health care setting. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2015 Nov 23.

Greenbaum, et al. Child sex trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation: Health care needs of victims. Pediatrics. 2015; 135(3).

Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. Confronting commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking of minors in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press; 2013.

Kaplan D, Moore J, Barron C, Goldberg A. Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking: Medical Follow-up for Victimized and High-Risk Youth. Rhode Island Medical Journal. May 2018.

Powell C, Dickins K, Stoklosa H. Training US health care professionals on human trafficking: Where do we go from here? Medical Education Online. 2017;22(1):1267980. doi:10.1080/10872981.2017.1267980.

Recknor FH, Gemeinhardt G, & Selwyn BJ. Health-care provider challenges to the identification of human trafficking in health-care settings: A qualitative study. Journal of Human Trafficking. doi: 10.1080/23322705.2017.1348740.

Stoklosa H, Showalter E, Melnick A, & Rothman EF. Health care providers' experience with a protocol for the identification, treatment, and referral of human-trafficking victims. Journal of Human Trafficking. doi:10.1080/23322705.2016.1194668.

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SUNY Upstate Medical University
Syracuse, New York
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